What is NERC CIP?

The energy and utility industry perform a crucial function in the national economy and national security of countries worldwide. When these industries' critical industrial automation and control…

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What is CFATS?

Chemical Facilities Anti-Terrorism Standards (CFATS) is a regulatory program established by the US Department of Homeland Security's (DHS) Cybersecurity and Infrastructure Security Agency (CISA). The enforcement of…

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What is ISA/IEC 62443?

The convergence of Information Technology (IT) and Operational Technology (OT) in Industrial Automation and Control Systems (IACS) has resulted in the significant extension of the industrial threat…

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What are PHA and HAZOP?

What is PHA?Process Hazard Analysis (PHA) is an in-depth and systematic effort to identify and analyze potential hazards' impact on industrial processes. The findings from a PHA…

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What is Cyber HAZOP?

Cyber Hazard and Operability study (cyber HAZOP) is a safety-based cybersecurity risk assessment on Industrial Automation and Control Systems (IACS): Operational Technologies (OT), Basic Process Control Systems…

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